DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES




Saturday, August 18, 2018

Glossary

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Dementia

Loss of brain function affecting memory, thought, language, judgment and behavior.

Developmental Disabilities

A developmental disability is a severe chronic disability which: 1) Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments; 2) Is manifested before age twenty-two; 3) Is likely to continue indefinitely; 4) Results in substantial functional limitations in three or more areas of major life activities: self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, self-direction, capacity for independent living, economic sufficiency; and 5) Reflects the need for a combination and sequence of special interdisciplinary or generic care, treatment, or other services, which are life long, or of extended duration and individually planned and coordinated.

Disability

An alteration of an individual's capacity to meet personal, social, or occupational demands because of an impairment (American Medical Association); an activity limitation that creates a difficulty in the performance, accomplishment, or completion of an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being (World Health Organization); the inability to engage in any substantial, gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment(s), which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months (Social Security Administration), a physical and/or mental impairment that results in substantial functional limitations in one or more of the following areas of major life activity: Self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, economic self-sufficiency, cognitive functioning, and emotional adjustment (Older Americans Act).

Disability Determination

Sequence of evaluations which compare an individual's functional capacity, specifically his/her physical and mental capacity to perform basic work activities against set criteria.

Disability Services/Travel and Transportation

Any airline, ground transportation, and accommodations services that provide accessibility for persons with disabilities.

Disabled Persons Equipment and Supplies

The equipment and supplies that help persons with physical, sensory, or mental impairments that can make performing an everyday task more difficult. Some disabilities, such as a broken hip, may be temporary; others are relatively minor, such as vision impairments that can be modified by corrective lenses. Other disabilities classified as severe may not represent a handicapthat is, the inability to take part in community life on an equal level with others. For instance, a person confined to a wheelchair may be able to live independently if physical and social barriers to mobility have been removed.

Domestic abuse

Physical harm, bodily injury, or attempts to cause physical harm or bodily injury, or the infliction of fear of imminent physical harm or bodily injury, between persons in a relationship (i.e., spouse or former spouse; in a significant romantic relationship; has a child or is expecting a child with the abusing party; parent and child; sibling).

Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care

A legal document for the purpose of appointing another person to make health care decisions should the 'patient' become incapable of making his/her own health care decisions.